growth of the organism sulphuretted hydrogen gas is
The spirillum does not grow at all upon potato.
Giinther did not find the organism to be pathogenic.
Spirillum Terrigenus.—This species, also discovered
by Giinther, was secured from earth. It generally occurs
in a slightly curved form, but sometimes is spiral. It is
actively motile and has a terminal flagellum.
The colonies, which appear in twenty-four hours, are
small, structureless, and transparent, and later take on a
" fat-drop " appearance.
Upon agar-agar a thin white coating is formed. Milk
is coagulated by the growth of the organism. No indol
The organism does not stain by Gram's method, and
is said not to be pathogenic for guinea-pigs or for mice.
FIG. 97.—Spirillum aquatilis, from an agar-agar culture; x 1000 (Itzerott and
Vibrio Schuylkiliensis.—This form, closely resembling
the cholera spirillum, was found by Abbottl in sewage-
polluted water from the Schuylkill River at Philadelphia.
The colonies upon gelatin plates resemble very closely
those of Spirillum Metschnikovi. In gelatin puncture-
cultures the appearance is exactly like the true cholera spir-
1 Jour, of Exper. Med^ vol. i., No. 3, July, 1896, p. 419.